A measurement of the time profile of scintillation induced by low energy gamma-rays in liquid xenon with the XMASS-I detector

H. Takiya, K. Abe, K. Hiraide, K. Ichimura, Y. Kishimoto, K. Kobayashi, M. Kobayashi, S. Moriyama, M. Nakahata, T. Norita, H. Ogawa, H. Sekiya, O. Takachio, A. Takeda, S. Tasaka, M. Yamashita, B. S. Yang, N. Y. Kim, Y. D. Kim, Y. ItowR. Kegasa, K. Kobayashi, K. Masuda, K. Fushimi, K. Martens, Y. Suzuki, R. Fujita, K. Hosokawa, K. Miuchi, N. Oka, Y. Onishi, Y. Takeuchi, Y. H. Kim, J. S. Lee, K. B. Lee, M. K. Lee, Y. Fukuda, K. Nishijima, S. Nakamura, Collaboration XMASS Collaboration

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the measurement of the emission time profile of scintillation from gamma-ray induced events in the XMASS-I 832 kg liquid xenon scintillation detector. Decay time constant was derived from a comparison of scintillation photon timing distributions between the observed data and simulated samples in order to take into account optical processes such as absorption and scattering in liquid xenon. Calibration data of radioactive sources, 55Fe, 241Am, and 57Co were used to obtain the decay time constant. Assuming two decay components, τ1 and τ2, the decay time constant τ2 increased from 27.9 ns to 37.0 ns as the gamma-ray energy increased from 5.9 keV to 122 keV. The accuracy of the measurement was better than 1.5 ns at all energy levels. A fast decay component with τ1∼2ns was necessary to reproduce data. Energy dependencies of τ2 and the fraction of the fast decay component were studied as a function of the kinetic energy of electrons induced by gamma-rays. The obtained data almost reproduced previously reported results and extended them to the lower energy region relevant to direct dark matter searches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-196
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume834
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 21
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Decay time constant
  • Liquid xenon
  • Scintillator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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    Takiya, H., Abe, K., Hiraide, K., Ichimura, K., Kishimoto, Y., Kobayashi, K., Kobayashi, M., Moriyama, S., Nakahata, M., Norita, T., Ogawa, H., Sekiya, H., Takachio, O., Takeda, A., Tasaka, S., Yamashita, M., Yang, B. S., Kim, N. Y., Kim, Y. D., ... XMASS Collaboration, C. (2016). A measurement of the time profile of scintillation induced by low energy gamma-rays in liquid xenon with the XMASS-I detector. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 834, 192-196. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2016.08.014