A Long-duration Luminous Type IIn Supernova KISS15s: Strong Recombination Lines from the Inhomogeneous Ejecta-CSM Interaction Region and Hot Dust Emission from Newly Formed Dust

Mitsuru Kokubo, Kazuma Mitsuda, Tomoki Morokuma, Nozomu Tominaga, Masaomi Tanaka, Takashi J. Moriya, Peter Yoachim, Željko Ivezić, Shigeyuki Sako, Mamoru Doi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the discovery of an SN 1988Z-like type IIn supernova KISS15s found in a low-mass star-forming galaxy at redshift z = 0.038 during the course of the Kiso Supernova Survey (KISS). KISS15s shows long-duration optical continuum and emission line light curves, indicating that KISS15s is powered by a continuous interaction between the expanding ejecta and dense circumstellar medium (CSM). The Hα emission line profile can be decomposed into four Gaussians of narrow, intermediate, blueshifted intermediate, and broad velocity width components, with a full width at half maximum of ≲100, ∼2000, and ∼14,000 km s -1 for the narrow, intermediate, and broad components, respectively. The presence of the blueshifted intermediate component, of which the line-of-sight velocity relative to the systemic velocity is about -5000 km s -1 , suggests that the ejecta-CSM interaction region has an inhomogeneous morphology and anisotropic expansion velocity. We found that KISS15s shows increasing infrared continuum emission, which can be interpreted as hot dust thermal emission of T ∼ 1200 K from newly formed dust in a cool, dense shell in the ejecta-CSM interaction region. The progenitor mass-loss rate, inferred from bolometric luminosity, is , where v w is the progenitor's stellar wind velocity. This implies that the progenitor of KISS15s was a red supergiant star or a luminous blue variable that had experienced a large mass loss in the centuries before the explosion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume872
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • stars: mass-loss
  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (KISS15s, 1988Z)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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