Although a lattice Monte Carlo method provides an effective, simple, and fast way to study thermodynamic properties of substitutional alloys, it cannot treat by itself the off-lattice effects, such as thermal vibrations and local distortions. Therefore, even if the interaction among atoms at lattice points is calculated accurately by means of first-principles calculations, the lattice Monte Carlo simulation overestimates the order-disorder phase transition temperature. In this paper, we treat this problem in the investigation of the FePt alloy, which has recently attracted considerable interest in its magnetic properties. We apply a simple version of the potential renormalization theory to determine the interaction among atoms, including partly the off-lattice effects by means of first-principles calculations. Then, we use the interaction to perform a lattice Monte Carlo simulation of the FePt alloy on a fcc lattice. From the results, we find that the transition temperature obtained after the present renormalization procedure becomes closer to the experimental value.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry