A kinetic model for flavonoid production in tea cell culture

Naomi Shibasaki-Kitakawa, Yasuhiro Iizuka, Atsushi Takahashi, Toshikuni Yonemoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As one of the strategies for efficient production of a metabolite from cell cultures, a kinetic model is very useful tool to predict productivity under various culture conditions. In this study, we propose a kinetic model for flavonoid production in tea cell culture based on the cell life cycle and expression of PAL, the gene encoding phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL)—the key enzyme in flavonoid biosynthesis. The flavonoid production rate was considered to be related to the amount of active PAL. Synthesis of PAL was modelled based on a general gene expression/translation mechanism, including the transcription of DNA encoding PAL into mRNA and the translation of PAL mRNA into the PAL protein. The transcription of DNA was assumed to be promoted at high light intensity and suppressed by a feedback regulatory mechanism at high flavonoid concentrations. In the model, mRNA and PAL were considered to self-decompose and to be lost by cell rupture. The model constants were estimated by fitting the experimental results obtained from tea cell cultures under various light intensities. The model accurately described the kinetic behaviors of dry and fresh cell concentrations, glucose concentration, cell viability, PAL specific activity, and flavonoid content under a wide range of light intensities. The model simulated flavonoid productivity per medium under various culture conditions. Therefore, this model will be useful to predict optimum culture conditions for maximum flavonoid productivity in cultured tea cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-219
Number of pages9
JournalBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb

Keywords

  • Flavonoid production
  • Kinetic model
  • Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase
  • Tea cell culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering

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