A homeostatic shift facilitates endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis through transcriptional integration of proteostatic stress response pathways

Liam Baird, Tadayuki Tsujita, Eri H. Kobayashi, Ryo Funayama, Takeshi Nagashima, Keiko Nakayama, Masayuki Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eukaryotic cells maintain protein homeostasis through the activity of multiple basal and inducible systems, which function in concert to allow cells to adapt to a wide range of environmental conditions. Although the transcriptional programs regulating individual pathways have been studied in detail, it is not known how the different pathways are transcriptionally integrated such that a deficiency in one pathway can be compensated by a change in an auxiliary response. One such pathway that plays an essential role in many proteostasis responses is the ubiquitin-proteasome system, which functions to degrade damaged, unfolded, or short half-life proteins. Transcriptional regulation of the proteasome is mediated by the transcription factor Nrf1. Using a conditional knockout mouse model, we found that Nrf1 regulates protein homeostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through transcriptional regulation of the ER stress sensor ATF6. In Nrf1 conditional-knockout mice, a reduction in proteasome activity is accompanied by an ATF6-dependent downregulation of the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation machinery, which reduces the substrate burden on the proteasome. This indicates that Nrf1 regulates a homeostatic shift through which proteostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum and cytoplasm are coregulated based on a cell's ability to degrade proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00439
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • ER stress
  • ERAD
  • Nrf1
  • Proteasome
  • Proteostasis
  • UPR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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