A highly-sensitive l-lactate biosensor based on sol-gel film combined with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) modified electrode

Jiadong Huang, Zhao Song, Jing Li, Yu Yang, Haibin Shi, Baoyan Wu, Jun ichi Anzai, Tetsuo Osa, Qiang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new type of amperometric l-lactate biosensor based on silica sol-gel and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) organic-inorganic hybrid composite material was developed. The sol-gel film was used to immobilize l-lactate oxidase on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE). MWCNTs were used to increase the current response and improve the performance of biosensor. The sol-gel film fabrication process parameters such as H2O : TEOS and pH were optimized, Effects of some experimental variables such as applied potential, temperature, and pH on the current response of the biosensor were investigated. Analytical characteristics and dynamic parameters of the biosensors with and without MWCNTs in the hybrid film were compared, and the results showed that analytical performance of the biosensor could be improved greatly after introduction of the MWCNTs. Sensitivity, linear range, limit of detection (S / N = 3) were 2.097 μA mM- 1, 0.3 to 1.5 mM, 0.8 × 10- 3 mM for the biosensor without MWCNTs and 6.031 μA mM- 1, 0.2 to 2.0 mM, 0.3 × 10- 3 mM for the biosensor with MWCNTs, respectively. This method has been used to determine the l-lactate concentration in real human blood samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-34
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan

Keywords

  • Amperometric biosensor
  • Chemically modified electrode
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes
  • Sol-gel
  • l-lactate oxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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