A high-voltage and high-capacity Ti3C2Tx/BiCuS2.5 heterostructure to boost up the energy density and recyclability of zinc-ion-hybrid capacitors

Yahui Li, Weiwei Zhang, Xiaoyan Yang, Jianfeng Zhang, Zhongchang Wang, Hongmin Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, a brand-new amorphous Ti3C2Tx/BiCuS2.5 electrode material was first invented by a facile in-situ deposition strategy, whose workable voltage window was enlarged up to 2.0 V (−1.4 V~0.6 V) with an improved capacity to 840 C g−1 at 1 A g−1 due to a “baton relay” mechanism. When the Ti3C2Tx/BiCuS2.5 electrode material was assembled for an aqueous symmetrical supercapacitor, the device exhibited a maximum energy density of 56.1 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 15.3 kW kg−1. After 10,000 cycles, the energy density was even elevated to 63.325 Wh kg−1. When the Ti3C2Tx/BiCuS2.5 material was used for a zinc-ion capacitor cathode, the device exhibited an energy density of 298.4 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 7200 W kg−1. The energy density retention of 95% after 7000 cycles and 82% after 10000 cycles clearly proved the good recyclability of Ti3C2Tx/BiCuS2.5 electrode. Based on the attentive DFT simulation and XPS analysis, the energy storage mechanism was ascribed to the co-existence of intercalation and redox battery-type capacity. This work opens a new direction with new electrode materials workable at a high voltage range for the construction of high specific energy supercapacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106136
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep


  • DFT
  • Symmetrical supercapacitors
  • TiCT/BiCuS heterostructure
  • Zinc-ion hybrid capacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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