A high-resolution environmental change record since 19 cal ka BP in Pumoyum Co, southern Tibet

Xin Miao Lü, Li Ping Zhu, Mitsugu Nishimura, Yoshimune Morita, Takahiro Watanabe, Toshio Nakamura, Yong Wang

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Abstract

A 380-cm-long sediment core was acquired from the deep water area of Pumoyum Co, southern Tibet. Twenty-five plant residue samples were selected, and organic carbon stable isotopes were obtained using the AMS 14C chronological method. The 14C age and carbon reservoir effect were calibrated with surface sedimentation rate measurements using 210Pb dating. Results showed that the core sediment deposited over 19 cal ka BP. Based on a multi-proxy analysis of TOC and IC contents, grain size and pollen assemblage data, the palaeoclimatic evolution of Pumoyum Co was reconstructed since the last glacial. Pumoyum Co was a shallow lake prior to 16.2 cal ka BP; although the glacier around the lake began to melt due to increasing temperatures, climate was still cold and dry. In the interval of 16.2-11.8 cal ka BP, the sedimentary environment fluctuated drastically and frequently. Two cold-events occurred at 14.2 and 11.8 cal ka BP, and these may correspond to the Older Dryas and the Younger Dryas events, respectively. After 11.8 cal ka BP, Pumoyun Co developed into the deep lake as it is now. The lake water temperature was relatively lower at that time because of influx of cold water from glacial meltwater entering the lake. As a result, the multi-proxy indicators showed no sign of warm conditions. Comparisons between the sedimentary record of Pumoyum Co with that of other lakes of the same age in southern Tibet indicate a warmer climate following the last deglaciation influenced the southeastern Tibetan Plateau. These results imply that the southwest Asian monsoon gradually became stronger since the deglaciation during its expansion to the inner plateau. The glacial-supplied water of the lake responded sensitively to cold-events. The entire southern Tibet region was dominantly influenced climatically by the southwest Asian monsoon during the Holocene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2931-2940
Number of pages10
JournalChinese Science Bulletin
Volume56
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Pumoyum Co
  • Tibet
  • environmental change
  • glacial meltwater
  • high resolution
  • lake sedimentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Lü, X. M., Zhu, L. P., Nishimura, M., Morita, Y., Watanabe, T., Nakamura, T., & Wang, Y. (2011). A high-resolution environmental change record since 19 cal ka BP in Pumoyum Co, southern Tibet. Chinese Science Bulletin, 56(27), 2931-2940. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-011-4656-z