A high-protein diet induces dissociation between plasma concentrations of growth hormone and ghrelin in wethers

T. Takahashi, Y. Kobayashi, S. Haga, Y. Ohtani, K. Sato, Y. Obara, A. Hagino, S. G. Roh, Kazuo Katoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-carbohydrate or high-fat diets have been demonstrated to change ghrelin concentrations in plasma; however, there remains a need to clarify the effects of dietary protein on the interaction between circulating GH and ghrelin concentrations in the ruminant. In this study, we investigated the postprandial changes in plasma concentrations of GH and ghrelin and their interactions when wethers were fed either a high-protein (HP; 40% CP) or a low-protein (LP; 10% CP) diet for 2 wk. The wethers were divided into 2 groups and fed once a day for 2 wk in a randomized crossover design. Each diet contained the same level of ME. Blood was collected from the animals at specific times over 24 h to measure hormones and metabolites. Feeding once a day caused a prompt reduction in the GH and ghrelin concentrations regardless of the type of diet that the wethers consumed. The preprandial concentrations (P = 0.04), area under the curve (AUC; P = 0.04), and incremental AUC (iAUC; P = 0.06) for ghrelin in HP-fed wethers were or tended to be greater than those in LP-fed wethers although concentrations for GH were the same for both diets (P = 0.23). In addition, the time it took for the postprandial ghrelin concentrations to recover to the preprandial concentrations was greater in HP-fed wethers than in LP-fed wethers although this was not true for GH concentrations. Similarly, as for ghrelin, postprandial increase (P < 0.001) and AUC (P = 0.03) for insulin concentration was greater in the HP-fed wethers than in the LP-fed wethers. From these findings, we concluded that dietary proteins (or some other derived metabolites) may dissociate the interaction between plasma concentrations of GH and ghrelin in wethers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4807-4813
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume90
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Diurnal change
  • Ghrelin
  • Growth hormone
  • High-protein diet
  • Low-protein diet
  • Wether

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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