A high-pressure rapid compression machine study of n-propylbenzene ignition

D. Darcy, H. Nakamura, C. J. Tobin, M. Mehl, W. K. Metcalfe, W. J. Pitz, C. K. Westbrook, H. J. Curran

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Abstract

This study presents new ignition delay data measured in a rapid compression machine over a wide range temperature, pressure and fuel/air ratio. This data is an extension of that measured previously (D. Darcy, C.J. Tobin, K. Yasunaga, J.M. Simmie, J. Würmel, T. Niass, O. Mathieu, S.S. Ahmed, C.K. Westbrook, H.J. Curran, Combust. Flame, 159 (2012) 2219-2232.) for the oxidation of n-propylbenzene in a high-pressure shock tube. The data was obtained for equivalence ratios of 0.29, 0.48, 0.96, and 1.92, at compressed gas pressures of 10, 30 and 50. atm, and over the temperature range of 650-1000. K. Experimental data was also obtained at 50. atm for all equivalence ratios in our new heated high-pressure shock tube and this is also presented here. Comparisons between the data obtained in both the rapid compression machine and the shock tube facilities showed excellent agreement. A previously published chemical kinetic mechanism has been improved and a low-temperature reaction mechanism has been added to simulate ignition delay times at the lower temperature conditions of this study by adding the appropriate species and reactions including alkyl-peroxyl and hydroperoxy-alkyl radical chemistry. Special attention was given to RȮ2 isomerizations and HȮ2 elimination reactions involving the secondary benzylic site on n-propylbenzene to obtain good agreement with the present experimental results. In general, good agreement was obtained between the model and experiments and consistent trends were observed and these are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-74
Number of pages10
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume161
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Butylbenzene
  • Ignition
  • Ignition delay times
  • Propylbenzene
  • Rapid compression machine
  • Shock tube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Darcy, D., Nakamura, H., Tobin, C. J., Mehl, M., Metcalfe, W. K., Pitz, W. J., Westbrook, C. K., & Curran, H. J. (2014). A high-pressure rapid compression machine study of n-propylbenzene ignition. Combustion and Flame, 161(1), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2013.08.001