A genetic regulatory network in the development of trichomes and root hairs

Tetsuya Ishida, Tetsuya Kurata, Kiyotaka Okada, Takuji Wada

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    370 Citations (Scopus)


    Trichomes and root hairs differentiate from epidermal cells in the aerial tissues and roots, respectively. Because trichomes and root hairs are easily accessible, particularly in the model plant Arabidopsis, their development has become a well-studied model of cell differentiation and growth. Molecular genetic analyses using Arabidopsis mutants have demonstrated that the differentiation of trichomes and root hair/hairless cells is regulated by similar molecular mechanisms. Transcriptional complexes regulate differentiation into trichome cells and root hairless cells, and formation of the transcriptional complexes is inhibited in neighboring cells. Control of cell growth after fate determination has also been analyzed using Arabidopsis mutants. The progression of endoreduplication cycles, reorientation of microtubules, and organization of the actin cytoskeleton play important roles in trichome growth. Various cellular components such as ion channels, the actin cytoskeleton, microtubules and cell wall materials, and intracellular signal transduction act to establish and maintain root hair tip growth.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)365-386
    Number of pages22
    JournalAnnual Review of Plant Biology
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


    • Cell differentiation
    • Endoreduplication
    • Tip growth

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Molecular Biology
    • Plant Science
    • Cell Biology


    Dive into the research topics of 'A genetic regulatory network in the development of trichomes and root hairs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this