Novel liquid crystals (LCs) containing a trifluoromethoxy group connected to a cyclohexane mesogen or to an alkyl tail were prepared through an oxidative desulfurization-fluorination reaction of the corresponding dithiocarbonates. They were compared with LCs containing a methoxy group with respect to phase transition behavior and physical and electro-optical properties. Most of the CF3O-substituted LCs exhibited in a wide range of temperatures LC phases depending on the type of a mesogenic structure. LCs with a trifluoromethoxycyclohexane mesogen were shown to be thermally more stable than the LCs with a trifluoromethoxybenzene mesogen. LCs having a trifluoromethoxyalkyl tail show physical and electro-optical properties favorable to materials for not only TN-LCDs but TFT-addressed TN-LCDs. Furthermore, 3-β-CF3O-substituted cholestane was shown to be a potential chiral dopant for TFT-addressed TN-LCDs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas