The ability to visualize intraluminal surface of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter and peritoneal cavity could allow elucidation of the cases of outflow problems, and provide information on changes to the peritoneal membrane leading to encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis. A non-invasive examination that allows those monitoring in need is desirable. We have developed a disposable ultra-fine endoscope that can be inserted into the lumen of the existing PD catheter, allowing observation of the luminal side of the catheter and peritoneal cavity from the tip of the PD catheter, with minimum invasion in practice. In a pre-clinical study in pigs and a clinical study in 10 PD patients, the device provided detailed images, enabling safe, easy observation of the intraluminal side of the entire catheter, and of the morphology and status of the peritoneal surface in the abdominal cavity under dwelling PD solution. Since this device can be used repeatedly during PD therapy, clinical application of this device could contribute to improved management of clinical issues in current PD therapy, positioning PD as a safer, more reliable treatment modality for end-stage renal disease.
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