A discrepancy in superoxide scavenging activity between the ESR-Spin trapping method and the luminol chemiluminescence method

Emiko Sato, Yoshimi Niwano, Takayuki Mokudai, Masahiro Kohno, Yukihiko Matsuyama, Daekyung Kim, Tatsuya Oda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In a previous study of ours, the superoxide scavenging activity of aqueous extracts from dinophycean red tide flagellates was detected by an electron spin resonance (ESR)-spin trapping method, but not by an L-012 (luminol analog)-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) method. To investigate the discrepancy between the two methods, the effect of ferric-protein complexes on superoxide scavenging activity was examined. The reduced signal intensity of 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO)-OOH due to superoxide dismutase (SOD) did not change with the addition of horseradish peroxidase (HRP), while the reduced CL response due to SOD was restored by the addition of different concentrations of HRP. Since HRP is a ferric-protein complex, the effects of other ferric-protein complexes, catalase and hemoglobin, on the reduced CL response due to SOD were examined, and similar results were obtained. As is the case with SOD, the reduced CL response activity due to an aqueous extract from a raphidophycean red tide flagellate, Chattonella ovata, was also enhanced by HRP, catalase, and hemoglobin. ESR spectra analyzed at 77 K indicated that aqueous extracts of Gymnodinium impudicum and Alexandrium affine, both of which are dinophycean red tide flagellates, contained a ferric-protein complex, and that an extract of C. ovata did not. These results suggest that the presence of such a ferric-protein complex is a causative factor in the discrepancy between the ESR and luminol CL methods when determining superoxide scavenging activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1505-1513
Number of pages9
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Electron spin resonance (ESR)-spin trapping method
  • Horseradish peroxidase (HRP)
  • Luminol chemiluminescence method
  • Superoxide scavenging activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry


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