A DFT study on clay-cation-water interaction in montmorillonite and beidellite

A. Chatterjee, T. Iwasaki, T. Ebina, A. Miyamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


This study is the first attempt to generate a realistic model for the clay-cation-water system. We use a molecular description of the solvent and clay sheet. We have chosen two clay materials from 2:1 dioctahedral smectites (1) montmorillonite and (2) beidellite to monitor the effect of negative charge on the location of interlayer cation (Na+), as the negative charge gets introduced in the clay system from octahedral Al substitution and tetrahedral Si substitution as the case may be (1) and (2), respectively. We use Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulation to locate the interlayer cation and to calculate the number of interlayer water molecules surrounding the cation (Na+) for both the clay materials. The results show that each Na+ cation is surrounded by five water molecules. The minimum energy conformer obtained from GCMC calculations has been used to generate the cluster model for Local Density Functional (LDF) calculations. The results show the Na+ cation moves towards the negative center of the clay cluster. It is also observed that Na+ cation gets more stabilized in montmorillonite in comparison to beidellite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-124
Number of pages6
JournalComputational Materials Science
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Feb


  • Beidellite
  • Clay-cation-water interaction
  • GCMC
  • LDF
  • Montmorillonite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics


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