A defucosylated anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody 13-mG2a-f exerts antitumor effects in mouse xenograft models of oral squamous cell carcinoma

Junko Takei, Tomokazu Ohishi, Mika K. Kaneko, Hiroyuki Harada, Manabu Kawada, Yukinari Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on antigen-presenting cells and several tumor cells, including melanoma and lung cancer cells. A strong correlation has been reported between PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and negative prognosis in cancer patients. Previously, we established an anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody (mAb), L1Mab-13 (IgG1, kappa), by immunizing mice with PD-L1-overexpressing CHO-K1 cells. L1Mab-13 specifically reacts with endogenous PD-L1 in lung cancer cell lines in flow cytometry and Western blot applications, and stains a plasma membrane-like pattern in lung cancer tissues via immunohistochemical analysis. In this study, we investigated whether L1Mab-13 reacts with oral cancer cell lines and exerts antitumor activities. Because L1Mab-13 lacks antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC), we first converted the subclass of L1Mab-13 from IgG1 into IgG2a (13-mG2a), and further produced a defucosylated version (13-mG2a-f) using FUT8-deficient ExpiCHO-S (BINDS-09) cells. Defucosylation of 13-mG2a-f was confirmed using fucose-binding lectins, such as Aleuria aurantia and Pholiota squarrosa lectins. The dissociation constants (KD) for 13-mG2a-f in SAS and HSC-2 oral cancer cells were determined via flow cytometry to be 2.8 × 10−9 M and 4.8 × 10−9 M, respectively, indicating that 13-mG2a-f possesses extremely high binding affinity. In vitro analysis demonstrated that 13-mG2a-f showed moderate ADCC and CDC activities against SAS and HSC-2 oral cancer cells. In vivo analysis revealed that 13-mG2a-f significantly reduced tumor development in SAS and HSC-2 xenografts in comparison to control mouse IgG, even after injection seven days post-tumor inoculation. Taken together, these data demonstrate that treatment with 13-mG2a-f may represent a useful therapy for patients with PD-L1-expressing oral cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100801
JournalBiochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Keywords

  • ADCC
  • Antitumor activity
  • CDC
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Oral cancer
  • PD-L1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

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