A Deep Learning Approach to Resolve Aliasing Artifacts in Ultrasound Color Flow Imaging

Hassan Nahas, Jason S. Au, Takuro Ishii, Billy Y.S. Yiu, Adrian J.Y. Chee, Alfred C.H. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite being used clinically as a noninvasive flow visualization tool, color flow imaging (CFI) is known to be prone to aliasing artifacts that arise due to fast blood flow beyond the detectable limit. From a visualization standpoint, these aliasing artifacts obscure proper interpretation of flow patterns in the image view. Current solutions for resolving aliasing artifacts are typically not robust against issues such as double aliasing. In this article, we present a new dealiasing technique based on deep learning principles to resolve CFI aliasing artifacts that arise from single- and double-aliasing scenarios. It works by first using two convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to identify and segment CFI pixel positions with aliasing artifacts, and then it performs phase unwrapping at these aliased pixel positions. The CNN for aliasing identification was devised as a U-net architecture, and it was trained with in vivo CFI frames acquired from the femoral bifurcation that had known presence of single- and double-aliasing artifacts. Results show that the segmentation of aliased CFI pixels was achieved successfully with intersection over union approaching 90%. After resolving these artifacts, the dealiased CFI frames consistently rendered the femoral bifurcation's triphasic flow dynamics over a cardiac cycle. For dealiased CFI pixels, their root-mean-squared difference was 2.51% or less compared with manual dealiasing. Overall, the proposed dealiasing framework can extend the maximum flow detection limit by fivefold, thereby improving CFI's flow visualization performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9113743
Pages (from-to)2615-2628
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Volume67
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Keywords

  • Aliasing
  • Doppler ultrasound
  • U-net
  • color flow imaging (CFI)
  • deep learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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