Common practices to improve the ability to swallow include modifying physical properties of foods and changing the posture of patients. Here, we quantified the effects of the viscosity of a liquid bolus and patient posture on the bolus pathway and pharyngeal residue using a computational fluid dynamics simulation. We developed a computational model of an impaired pharyngeal motion with a low pharyngeal pressure and no pharyngeal adaptation. We varied viscosities from 0.002 to 1 Pa·s and postures from -15° to 30° (from nearly vertical to forward leaning). In the absence of pharyngeal adaptation, a honey-like liquid bolus caused pharyngeal residue, particularly in the case of forward-leaning postures. Although the bolus speed was different among viscosities, the final pathway was only slightly different. The shape, location, and tilting of the epiglottis effectively invited a bolus to two lateral pathways, suggesting a high robustness of the swallowing process.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
- Computational fluid dynamics
- Pharyngeal residue
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)