A Cenozoic record of the equatorial Pacific carbonate compensation depth

Heiko Pälike, Mitchell W. Lyle, Hiroshi Nishi, Isabella Raffi, Andy Ridgwell, Kusali Gamage, Adam Klaus, Gary Acton, Louise Anderson, Jan Backman, Jack Baldauf, Catherine Beltran, Steven M. Bohaty, Paul Bown, William Busch, Jim E.T. Channell, Cecily O.J. Chun, Margaret Delaney, Pawan Dewangan, Tom Dunkley JonesKirsty M. Edgar, Helen Evans, Peter Fitch, Gavin L. Foster, Nikolaus Gussone, Hitoshi Hasegawa, Ed C. Hathorne, Hiroki Hayashi, Jens O. Herrle, Ann Holbourn, Steve Hovan, Kiseong Hyeong, Koichi Iijima, Takashi Ito, Shin Ichi Kamikuri, Katsunori Kimoto, Junichiro Kuroda, Lizette Leon-Rodriguez, Alberto Malinverno, Ted C. Moore, Brandon H. Murphy, Daniel P. Murphy, Hideto Nakamura, Kaoru Ogane, Christian Ohneiser, Carl Richter, Rebecca Robinson, Eelco J. Rohling, Oscar Romero, Ken Sawada, Howie Scher, Leah Schneider, Appy Sluijs, Hiroyuki Takata, Jun Tian, Akira Tsujimoto, Bridget S. Wade, Thomas Westerhold, Roy Wilkens, Trevor Williams, Paul A. Wilson, Yuhji Yamamoto, Shinya Yamamoto, Toshitsugu Yamazaki, Richard E. Zeebe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

210 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and climate are regulated on geological timescales by the balance between carbon input from volcanic and metamorphic outgassing and its removal by weathering feedbacks; these feedbacks involve the erosion of silicate rocks and organic-carbon-bearing rocks. The integrated effect of these processes is reflected in the calcium carbonate compensation depth, which is the oceanic depth at which calcium carbonate is dissolved. Here we present a carbonate accumulation record that covers the past 53 million years from a depth transect in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. The carbonate compensation depth tracks long-term ocean cooling, deepening from 3.0-3.5-kilometres during the early Cenozoic (approximately 55-million years ago) to 4.6 kilometres at present, consistent with an overall Cenozoic increase in weathering. We find large superimposed fluctuations in carbonate compensation depth during the middle and late Eocene. Using Earth system models, we identify changes in weathering and the mode of organic-carbon delivery as two key processes to explain these large-scale Eocene fluctuations of the carbonate compensation depth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)609-614
Number of pages6
JournalNature
Volume488
Issue number7413
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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