A case of akin moyamoya disease associated with type-I diabetes mellitus managed by extracranial-intracranial bypass

Yosuke Akamatsu, Miki Fujimura, Hiroyuki Sakata, Hidenori Endo, Ryo Itabashi, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Moyamoya disease is characterized by idiopathic steno-occlusion at the terminal portion of the internal carotid artery with concomitant abnormal vascular networks that can lead to transient ischemic attacks and hemorrhagic stroke with symptoms of headache, confusion, dizziness, ataxia, seizure, and cognitive and personality changes. Because these symptoms also occur in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), patients with both diseases might go unnoticed and without the less common diagnosis of akin moyamoya disease, accurate diagnosis and treatment could be delayed. Here, we report the case of a 32-year-old woman with past history of T1 DM for 26 years presenting with right amaurosis, which was diagnosed as akin moyamoya disease even though she had suffered right incomplete hemiparesis 2 years ago. She underwent superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis with pial synangiosis in the left hemisphere without complication. She had no cerebrovascular events postoperatively. Although akin moyamoya disease associated with T1 DM is rare in Japan, we recommend that clinicians consider the coexistence of both diseases when evaluating patients with T1DM who have neurologic signs or symptoms and not overlook the possibility of cerebrovascular diseases, such as akin moyamoya disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalNeurological Surgery
Volume43
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Akin moyamoya disease
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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