A case of adrenal mixed tumor of pheochromocytoma and adrenocortical adenoma presenting diabetes mellitus and hypertension

H. Akai, K. Sanoyama, K. Namai, Y. Miura, O. Murakami, K. Hanew, H. Sasaki, N. Kimura, K. Takahashi, N. Sasano

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 61-year-old woman with hyper-catecholaminemia and hyper-glucocorticoidemia due to a mixed tumor of the right adrenal gland is described. The patient, who had been medicated for hypertension since 1977, complained of thirst and general malaise in 1986. Body weight loss was remarkable. There was neither absolute truncal obesity nor moon face. In September 1986, her blood pressure was 180/110 mmHg and blood glucose level was 400mg/dl. Noradrenaline levels in plasma and in urine were remarkably elevated (1659 pg/ml and 120 micrograms/day, respectively), and adrenaline levels were also high (397 pg/ml in plasma, 34 micrograms/day in urine). Plasma cortisol and urinary 17-OHCS were elevated (39.2 micrograms/dl and 11.9 mg/day, respectively). Plasma ACTH was in the normal range (42.6 pg/ml). Oral administration of neither 1mg nor 8 mg of dexamethasone suppressed plasma cortisol or ACTH levels. Both 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine and 131I-adosterol accumulated in the right adrenal gland. In 1987 the adrenal tumor (3.0 x 3.5 cm, 30 g) was resected. After the operation, her blood pressure and blood glucose level returned to normal, so that the medication became unnecessary. Histologically it was revealed that the tumor was a mixed adenoma consisting of adreno-medullary and cortical cells (corticomedullary adenoma). The literature on 21 cases of pheochromocytoma associated with Cushing's syndrome was briefly reviewed. Mathison (1969) reported the first case of a mixed tumor of adreno-medullary and cortical cells. So far as we know the present case is the second.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-669
Number of pages11
JournalNippon Naibunpi Gakkai zasshi
Volume69
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Aug 20

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