A 16 deg2 survey of emission-line galaxies at z < 1.5 in HSC-SSP Public Data Release 1

Masao Hayashi, Masayuki Tanaka, Rhythm Shimakawa, Hisanori Furusawa, Rieko Momose, Yusei Koyama, John D. Silverman, Tadayuki Kodama, Yutaka Komiyama, Alexie Leauthaud, Yen Ting Lin, Satoshi Miyazaki, Tohru Nagao, Atsushi J. Nishizawa, Masami Ouchi, Takatoshi Shibuya, Ken Ichi Tadaki, Kiyoto Yabe

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24 Citations (Scopus)


We present initial results from the Subaru Strategic Program (SSP) with Hyper Suprime- Cam (HSC) on a comprehensive survey of emission-line galaxies at z < 1.5 based on narrowband imaging. The first Public Data Release provides us with data from two narrowband filters, specifically NB816 and NB921 over 5.7 deg2 and 16.2 deg2 respectively. The 5 σ limiting magnitudes are 25.2mag (UltraDeep layer, 1.4 deg2) and 24.8mag (Deep layer, 4.3 deg2) for NB816, and 25.1mag (UltraDeep, 2.9 deg2) and 24.6-24.8mag (Deep, 13.3 deg2) for NB921. The wide-field imaging allows us to construct unprecedentedly large samples of 8054 Hα emitters at z ≈ 0.25 and 0.40, 8656 [O III] emitters at z ≈ 0.63 and 0.84, and 16877 [O II] emitters at z ≈ 1.19 and 1.47.We map the cosmic web on scales out to about 50 comoving Mpc that includes galaxy clusters, identified by red sequence galaxies, located at the intersection of filamentary structures of star-forming galaxies. The luminosity functions of emission-line galaxies are measured with precision and are consistent with published studies. The wide field coverage of the data enables us to measure the luminosity functions up to brighter luminosities than previous studies. The comparison of the luminosity functions between the different HSC-SSP fields suggests that a survey volume of >5 × 105 Mpc3 is essential to overcome cosmic variance. Since the current data have not reached the full depth expected for the HSC-SSP, the color cut in i - NB816 or z - NB921 induces a bias towards star-forming galaxies with large equivalent widths, primarily seen in the stellar mass functions for the Hα emitters at z ≈ 0.25-0.40. Even so, the emission-line galaxies clearly cover a wide range of luminosity, stellar mass, and environment, thus demonstrating the usefulness of the narrowband data from the HSC-SSP for investigating star-forming galaxies at z < 1.5.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberS17
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Issue numberSpecial Issue 1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1


  • Evolution-galaxies
  • Galaxies
  • High-redshift-galaxies
  • Luminosity function
  • Mass function-large-scale structure of universe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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