A {112}Σ3 grain boundary generated from the decomposition of a Σ9 grain boundary in multicrystalline silicon during directional solidification

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Abstract

The generation of a {112}Σ3 grain boundary (GB) was observed in situ from the decomposition of a Σ9 GB during directional solidification of multicrystalline Si. A faceted groove formed at the junction of the solid/melt interface and the {112}Σ3 GB. This mechanism is different from that for the growth of {111}Σ3 GBs, for which no groove formed at the interface. If the growth rates for the adjacent facets of the groove are the same, the GB can grow in a straight manner along the {112} plane. The present results suggest that kinetics can give rise to high-energy GBs during solidification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-50
Number of pages5
JournalScripta Materialia
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Directional solidification
  • Grain boundary
  • Multicrystalline Si

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

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