3D user interfaces: New directions and perspectives

Doug A. Bowman, Sabine Coquillart, Bernd Froehlich, Michitaka Hirose, Yoshifumi Kitamura, Kiyoshi Kiyokawa, Wolfgang Stuerzlinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)


Three-dimensional user interfaces (3D UIs) let users interact with virtual objects, environments, or information using direct 3D input in the physical and/or virtual space. In this article, the founders and organizers of the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces reflect on the state of the art in several key aspects of 3D UIs and speculate on future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-36
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D UI
  • 3D user interfaces
  • Augmented reality
  • Biosignal interfaces
  • Collaborative 3D user interfaces
  • Electroencephalography
  • Haptic interfaces
  • Input devices
  • Multidisplay environments
  • Navigation
  • Pseudo-haptics
  • Sensors
  • Three dimensional displays
  • Virtual environment
  • Virtual reality
  • Visualization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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