The synthesis and optical properties of 1,8-diphenyl-9,10-bis(arylethynyl)phenanthrenes, which are distorted phenanthrenes, are reported. The presence of the two phenyl groups at the 1,8-positions of phenanthrene significantly distorts the molecular geometries, as was evidenced by X-ray crystallography. The congested substitution pattern in the K region results in a distorted aromatic framework, which leads to a redshift in the emission spectrum. These observations are in stark contrast to 9,10-bis(phenylethynyl)phenanthrene with no phenyl groups at the 1,8-positions. A large Stokes shift suggested extensive structural relaxation between the phenyl and arylethynyl units in the excited state, which was supported by theoretical calculations.
- density functional calculations
- steric hindrance
- synthetic methods
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry