Factor XIIIa-positive dendrocytes are abundant within the dermis and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various disorders, including AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Purified cultures of factor XIIIa-positive normal dermal dendrocytes have not as yet been achieved. 12E2 is a cloned cell line derived from superficial murine dermis where factor XIIIa-positive dendrocytes are abundant. Subconfluent cultures of 12E2 demonstrate polydendritic cell contours with thin, elongated membranous projections. These cells express Factor XIIIa and VCAM-1 by immunohistochemistry and by Western blot analysis of 12E2 cell lysates. 12E2 cells also constitutively express the Langerhans-cell-related epitope DEC-205, detected by NLDC-145 antibody and the CD80 co-stimulatory molecule, as well as Ia antigen on exposure to interferon-γ. Cells so treated exhibit significant ability to present alloantigens in vitro. 12E2 cells are shown to express mRNA for numerous cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1β, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, tumor necrosis factor-α and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor, by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction followed by Southern blot hybridization. Microinjection of 12E2 cells, but not 3T3 control fibroblasts, into footpads of syngeneic and SCID mice results in lesions that mimic the histology and immunohistochemistry of human Kaposi's sarcoma. In aggregate, these data indicate that 12E2 cells 1) share lineage characteristics with factor XIIIa-positive dermal dendrocytes, 2) produce mRNA for numerous cytokines and are cytokine responsive to interferon-γ, and 3) behave in vivo in a manner that resembles Kaposi's sarcoma, a condition known to involve proliferation of human dermal dendrocytes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine