11-Oxo-tetrodotoxin and a specifically labelled 3H-tetrodotoxin

B. Q. Wu, L. Yang, C. Y. Kao, S. R. Levinson, M. Yotsu-Yamashita, T. Yasumoto

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)


    Tetrodotoxin was oxidized to a hydrated aldehyde, 11-oxo-tetrodotoxin, which shares the specificity of tetrodotoxin for the Na+ channel of the isolated voltage-cramped frog skeletal muscle fiber, but is four to five times more potent. It binds to the solubilized Na+ channel of eel electroplax with a similarly higher potency, because of an equilibrium dissociation constant about 0.25, and a dissociation rate constant 2.4 times slower than those for tetrodotoxin. 11-Oxo-tetrodotoxin can be reduced to regenerate a tetrodotoxin, which is chemically and biologically indistinguishable from the original tetrodotoxin. By reducing with tritiated sodium borohydride, a 3H marker can be inserted regiospecifically to yield 11-[3H]-tetrodotoxin. Because it has a defined specific activity of > 2.5 Ci/mmole, and a 3H marker which does not exchange with solvent proton, 11-[3H]-tetrodotoxin is an ideal tracer for tetrodotoxin. It may enable studies of problems which require higher signals and/or better stability of the marker than those obtainable from currently available tracer Na+-channel ligands.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)407-416
    Number of pages10
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1996 Apr

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Toxicology


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