Destructive landslides were triggered by the 6.7 Mw Eastern Iburi earthquake that struck southern Hokkaido, Japan, on 6 September 2018. In this study, we carried out 1-D inversion analysis of one of the shallow landslides near the epicenter using a Bing debris-flow model. At this site, the slope failure comprised cover soil with an initial down-slope length of ~ 80 m and a thickness of ~ 7 m on a slope with < 20° dip. The landslide moved southeastward with a run-out distance of ~ 100 m. Inversion analysis of the post-failure deposit geometry was conducted with the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method (MCMC) to optimize the Bingham rheological parameters of the debris. The analysis reproduced several features of the deposit geometry with a yield stress of ~ 1500 Pa and dynamic viscosity of 800–3000 Pa s. The results suggest that the shallow landslide can be approximated by the flow of a viscoplastic fluid with high-mobility debris and a maximum frontal velocity of 6–9 m/s, with a flow duration of 2–4 min. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
- 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake
- Inversion analysis
- Shallow landslide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Space and Planetary Science