β-arrestin-dependent activation of the cofilin pathway is required for the scavenging activity of the atypical chemokine receptor D6

Elena M. Borroni, Cinzia Cancellieri, Alessandro Vacchini, Yann Benureau, Bernard Lagane, Françoise Bachelerie, Fernando Arenzana-Seisdedos, Kensaku Mizuno, Alberto Mantovani, Raffaella Bonecchi, Massimo Locati

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    44 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Chemokines promote the recruitment of leukocytes to sites of infection and inflammation by activating conventional heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein)-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Chemokines are also recognized by a set of atypical chemokine receptors (ACRs), which cannot induce directional cell migration but are required for the generation of chemokine gradients in tissues. ACRs are presently considered 'silent receptors' because no G protein-dependent signaling activity is observed after their engagement by cognate ligands. We report that engagement of the ACR D6 by its ligands activates a b-arrestin1-dependent, G protein-independent signaling pathway that results in the phosphorylation of the actin-binding protein cofilin through the Rac1- p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1)-LIM kinase 1 (LIMK1) cascade. This signaling pathway is required for the increased abundance of D6 protein at the cell surface and for its chemokine-scavenging activity. We conclude that D6 is a signaling receptor that exerts its regulatory function on chemokine-mediated responses in inflammation and immunity through a distinct signaling pathway.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)ra30
    JournalScience Signaling
    Volume6
    Issue number273
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 30

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology

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  • Cite this

    Borroni, E. M., Cancellieri, C., Vacchini, A., Benureau, Y., Lagane, B., Bachelerie, F., Arenzana-Seisdedos, F., Mizuno, K., Mantovani, A., Bonecchi, R., & Locati, M. (2013). β-arrestin-dependent activation of the cofilin pathway is required for the scavenging activity of the atypical chemokine receptor D6. Science Signaling, 6(273), ra30. https://doi.org/10.1126/scisignal.2003627