Recent studies have demonstrated that tocotrienol (T3) is superior to tocopherol (Toc) for cancer chemoprevention. However, there is little information on whether Toc influences the anticancer property of T3. In this study, we investigated the influence of Toc on the cytotoxic effects of δ-T3 in DLD-1 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. Toc, especially α-Toc, attenuated δ-T3-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in DLD-1 cells, whereas Toc alone did not exhibit any cytotoxic effect. δ-T3-induced cell cycle arrest and proapoptotic gene/protein expression (e.g., p21, p27, and caspases) were abrogated by a-Toc. Furthermore, coadministration of α-Toc decreased δ-T3 uptake into DLD-1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. These results indicate that α-Toc is not only less cytotoxic to cancer cells, but it also reduces the cytotoxicity of δ-T3 by inhibiting its cellular uptake.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Jun 25|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology